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2019.04.22 11:21

[April 25. 2019] Colorful World of Quantum Dots

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Speaker Prof. Sungjee Kim (Pohang University of Science & Technology)
Date Thu. 25 Apr. 2019
Time 5:00pm
Venue #331, Asan Hall, College of Science

 Colorful World of Quantum Dots

 

 A few imaging applications using quantum dots (QDs) will be introduced, which will cover from visible to infrared(IR) for the wavelengths and from cellular super-resolution to whole body in vivo imaging for the object scale. (1) QDs were conjugated to tumor-specific antibodies(Abs) with zwitterionic surface coating to reduce nonspecific bindings. The Ab-QD probes were used to diagnose tumors for sectioned mouse tissues, fresh mouse colons stained ex vivo and in vivo, and also for fresh human colon adenoma tissues. The probes successfully detected not only cancers that are readily discernible by bare eyes but also hyperplasia and adenoma regions. Multiplexed QD, spray-and-wash, and endoscopy approach provided a significant advantage for detecting small or flat tumors that may be missed by conventional endoscopic examinations. QD-Ab probe was also used in conjunction with a ratiometric fluorescent molecular probe, cresyl violet–glutamic acid derivative, that ratiometrically switches between two fluorescent colors in response to the enzyme activity of λ-glutamyltranspeptidase. Co-application of the two kinds of probes, QD-Abs and the ratiometric molecular probe, afforded accurate visualization of carcinomas, hyperplasia and adenoma regions. (2) Amphiphilic polyethyleneimine derivatives (amPEIs) were synthesized and used to encapsulate dozens of QDs. The QD-amPEI showed very efficient QD cellular fluorescent labeling. Co-encapsulation of QDs and oxygen sensing phosphorescence Ru dyes allowed accurate and reversible oxygen sensing capability by the ratiometric signals, which was successfully applied to cellular and spheroid models. (3) Photo-modulating QDs were designed by conjugating crystal violets (CVs) on QD surface. The QD CV conjugates (QD-CVs) shows a single cycle of emission burst as go through the stage of initially quenched off to photo-activated on and back to photo-darkened off stage. The QD-CV probes were introduced into cells, and the visible light excitation yielded photo-modulation nearly ten folds in intracellular environment. Exploiting the stochastic PL burst of QD-CVs and multiplexing capability of QDs, simultaneous multi-color super-resolution localizations were demonstrated. (4) Recent technological advances have expanded fluorescence imaging into the second near-infrared region (NIR-II; wavelength = 1000–1700 nm), providing high spatial resolution through deep tissues. However, bright and compact fluorophores are rare in this region, and sophisticated control over NIR-II probes has not been achieved yet. We showcase an enzyme-activatable NIR-II probe that exhibits turn-on fluorescence upon matrix metalloprotease activity in tumor microenvironment. 

 
Reference
1. (a) Y. Park et al, Advanced Functional Materials, 2018, 28, 1703450. (b) Y. Park, et al, ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 8896.
2. J. Park et al, ACS Nano, 2015, 6511.
3. S. Jung et al, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2017, 139, 7603.
4. S. Jeong et al, Nano Letters, 2017, 17, 1378.
 

List of Articles
No. Subject Speaker Date
Notice Spring semester 2019 Seminar Schedule file - -
71 [Thu. 19 May. 2016] Prof. Zhuang Liu/Nanotechnology for enhanced cancer radiation therapy and immunotherapy Prof. Zhuang Liu Thursday 19 May 2016
70 [Thu. 6 Oct. 2016] Prof. Young S. Park/Atomistic Molecular Engineering of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Prof. Young S. Park Thursday 6 October 2016
69 [March 28. 2019] NMR Structural Studies of engineered novel antimicrobial peptides Prof. Yongae Kim (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) Thu. 28 Mar. 2019
68 [Thu. 9 Jun. 2016] Prof. Yong-Young Noh/Development of Printed Large Area Organic Transistors and Integrated Circuits Prof. Yong-Young Noh Thursday 9 June 2016
67 [Thu. 9 Mar. 2017] Prof. Woon Ju Song/Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea Prof. Woon Ju Song Thu. 9 Mar. 2017
66 [Thu. 25 May. 2017] Prof. Wonsuk Kim/Department of Chemistry and Nano Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul Prof. Wonsuk Kim Thu. 25 May. 2017
65 [Thu. 8 Jun. 2017] Prof. Won-jin Chung/Department of Chemistry, GIST, Gwangju, Republic of Korea Prof. Won-jin Chung Thu. 8 Jun. 2017
64 [Thu. 29 Sep. 2016] Prof. Tae-Young Yoon/Observation of Single Membrane Proteins under Mechanical Tension Prof. Tae-Young Yoon Thursday 29 September 2016
63 [Thu. 30 Nov. 2017] Prof. Sunmin Ryu/Department of Chemistry, POSTECH, Pohang, South Korea Prof. Sunmin Ryu Thu. 30 Nov. 2017
62 [Thu. 2 Jun. 2016] Prof. Sunkyu Han/Total Syntheses of Complex Alkaloids Inspired by Biosynthetic Hypotheses Prof. Sunkyu Han Thursday 2 June 2016
61 [Mon. 9 Jan. 2017] Prof. Sungwook Woo/Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, USA Prof. Sungwook Woo Mon. 9 Jan. 2017
» [April 25. 2019] Colorful World of Quantum Dots Prof. Sungjee Kim (Pohang University of Science & Technology) Thu. 25 Apr. 2019
59 [Thu. 23 Nov. 2017] Prof. Sung-Gon Kim/Department of Chemistry, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Korea Prof. Sung-Gon Kim Thu. 23 Nov. 2017
58 [Thu. 26 Jun. 2016] Prof. Sung June Cho/Structural Elucidation of Novel Zeolite by Dual Space Approaches Using X-ray Powder Diffraction Prof. Sung June Cho Thursday 26 May 2016
57 [Thu. 17 Nov. 2016] Prof. Seunghoon Shin/Synthetic Methods Development based on Rational Analysis of Intermediates file Prof. Seunghoon Shin Thursday 17 November 2016
56 [Thu. 18 May. 2017] Student Host Colloquium : 1,1-Bisborylalkane: New Class of Organoboron Compound for the Chemo, Regio and Stereoselective Organic Transformations Prof. Seung Hwan Cho Thu. 18 May. 2017
55 [Thu. 23 Mar. 2017] Prof. Sangsu Bae/Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea Prof. Sangsu Bae Thu. 23 Mar. 2017
54 [Thu. 1 Dec. 2016] Prof. Sang-Yong Ju/Highly Pure Carbon Nanotubes sorted by a Flavin for Thin Film Transistor Applications Prof. Sang-Yong Ju Thursday 1 December 2016
53 [Thu. 6 Apr. 2017] Prof. Rong-Jie Chein/Institute of Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan Prof. Rong-Jie Chein Thu. 6 Apr. 2017
52 [October 31, 2017] New ways of vision: Protein structures in translational medicine and business development, my experience file Prof. Robert Huber(1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry) October 31, 2017
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