|Kwang Seob Jeong
The infrared quantum plasmon resonance (IR QPR) of nanocrystals (NCs) exhibits the combined properties of classical and quantum mechanics, potentially enabling unprecedented optics. However, research on the development of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) from colloidal quantum dots has stagnated, owing to the challenge of increasing the carrier density of semiconducting NCs. Herein, we present the mid-IR QPR of a self-doped Ag2Se NC with an exceptionally narrow bandwidth. Chemical modification of the NC surface with chloride realizes this narrow QPR bandwidth by achieving a high free-carrier density in the NC. The mid-IR QPR feature was thoroughly analyzed using various experimental methods, such as Fourier transform (FT) IR spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and current-voltage measurements. In addition, the optical properties were theoretically analyzed using a plamon-in-a-box model and modified hydrodynamic model that revealed the effect of coupling with the intraband transition and the limited nature of electron density in semiconductor NCs. Integrating the quantum effect into the plasmonic resonance reduces the peak bandwidth to 19.7 meV, which is an extremely narrow bandwidth compared to that of the LSPR of conventional metal oxide or metal chalcogenide NCs. Our results demonstrate that self-doped silver selenide quantum dots are excellent systems for studying mid-IR QPR.
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